Day 13
Two tree seedlings to support reforestation in Peru

Smallholders turn into protectors of the rain forest

Environmental protection and improvement of living conditions in Peru

Do you know the home of Paddington Bear? The land of deep gorges? Where they have a variety of cuisines that also include Guinea pigs? The answer: Peru! Paddington Bear was created after the Peruvian Spectacled Bea, who can be found in the Chanchamayo valley. The Peruvian Spectacled Bear, or Andean Bear, is the only bear that lives in South America. Earlier this year, Peru mostly made the headlines because of the severe flooding, land and mudslides caused by the weather phenomenon ‘El Niño’. Scientists say that such phenomena will become more frequent as a result of climate change. De-forestation further increases the risk of flooding and landslides.

Necessity

 

Saplings for re-foresting and preserving of biodiversity in the Chanchamayo valley in Peru.

Activity

 

A local NGO trains smallholders in environmentally friendly cultivation methods and agroforestry, and replants forests.

Countable effort

After around 12 months

Number of tree seedlings that can be brought for re-forestation.

Result

After around 3 years

The smallholder families take an active part in environmental protection and improve their living conditions by way of diversified agroforestry.

Systemic effect

After around 7 years

Better living conditions for smallholder families, contributing to climate protection in the long term.

Background

The landscape in the Chanchamayo valley has also been severely affected by the loss of woodlands due to de-forestation. 80 per cent of the rain forest has disappeared in the area and with it many different species of plants and animals. The decline in rain forest can mostly be attributed to slash-and-burn practices: Farmers clear forest at regular intervals to create fertile farmland in order to feed their families. Slash-and-burn is often the only method for creating agricultural land that the locals know about.

The good deed

Smallholder families will be instructed in environmentally friendly farming methods that do not require the clearing of forests. They are trained in agro-forestry of coffee and other produce, while their fields and cleared forests are re-forested with saplings from endemic tree species. This fosters local biodiversity and mitigates the effects of climate change. The effective and diversified cultivation methods contribute to increasing the family income and giving them a balanced diet.

About Peru

Lima

Capital

31 773 800

Number of inhabitants

6 199

Gross domestic product per capita per year

87

Human Development Index

Peru belongs to the countries that have the world’s largest area of tropical rain forest.

About the organization and further information

Association

Rhein-Donau-Stiftung e.V.

Certified by

DZI Seal-of-Approval Transparency International

Further information and source